England in the 18th Century was a lively hub for culture, science and industry. The Act of Union of 1707 brought England and Scotland together, politically if not popularly, and Great Britain began forging its infamous overseas empire.
Advances in technology and agriculture placed Britain at the forefront of the Industrial Revolution, bringing the masses into the rapidly expanding cities. Political power and influence was in the hands of an elite few, with the nobility at the top followed by the wealthy landowners – aka, the Gentry. Although the beginnings of a middle class, as we would know it today, were emerging at this time there was a huge wealth divide that separated the rich and the rest.
Derby-Chelsea Porcelain miniatures were my first love affair in antique jewellery, and we have a little collection of them here at Butter Lane Antiques. These charming figures were produced in two English factories, located respectively in Chelsea and Derby, between 1745 and 1784. Their rarity is down to the short window of production (less than 50 years), and the delicacy of the pieces. They are made from moulded porcelain, hand painted, with hardstone seals at the base. Gold bails were commonly added for wear as pendants.
The “well to do” of 18th Century England – the aforementioned Gentry and nobility – would exchange these fobs as tokens of love or affection, with the most commonly depicted figure being Cupid. The bases are often hand carved with the sweetest designs or faux Heraldic Crests. The seal pictured [image 2] depicts a winged heart over Globus cruciger – seemingly carved by an amateur. The mixture of symbology here is wonderful – I read: “Love holds dominion over the whole world”.
Each figure also features a motto, in French, above the base. Some examples include: “Mon Amour Est Badin,” or “My love is playful”; the excellent play on words “Signe D’Amour,” or “Seal of love” (yes, that is the swan [image 3]!); and “L’Argent Fait Tout,” or “Money is everything”. Okay, that last one is a kind of strange love token…
There is a wonderful book, Bryant’s “The Chelsea Porcelain Toys” (1925), in which a number from our collection feature. Here is what Bryant had to say on our beer-drinking Cupid [image 4]: “Cupid sitting on a green tree-stump, holding with his left hand a foaming mug above his head. He has a blue drapery over his left shoulder, falling behind and round his waist, the lining painted with a striped gold and crimson pattern, his quiver lies on the ground behind him. The base is white and concave, with the motto in red, “MON AMOUR EST BADEN.” Our Cupid has a slightly different colour scheme, but the cast figure is otherwise identical to Bryant’s, even down to the motto.
The earlier figures were made in the Chelsea factory (between 1745 and 1769) and there is evidence to suggest that a collection of some 300 moulds was transferred from Chelsea to Derby in the early 1770s. The Derby factory was known for using brighter, more vivid colours in their paintwork, which I suppose explains the variations on colour.
These love tokens provide fascinating insights into the lives and luxuries of bygone era. For me these little miniatures epitomise the idea of sentimental jewellery and I’m so glad that some of these delicate pieces have survived to this day!
Most Delightful Rakhi Gifts for Your Brother on Raksha Bandhan
The religious festival of Rakhi is essential for all the siblings to strengthen the bond of love and
affection. There is a great importance of Raksha Bandhan in everyone’s life. It is a celebration
for the bondage of love and protection, according to the Hindu culture. Sisters apply pious ‘tilak’
on the forehead of their brothers and tie a sacred thread of Rakhi on their brother’s wrist. All the
siblings enjoy some happy moments together during the celebration. Brothers also take vows to
protect their dear sisters from all the troubles in life. Gifts also play an essential role in the
traditional occasion of Raksha Bandhan. Sisters try to dedicate some fantastic rakhi gifts to their
brothers to bring some happiness in their life. It is one of the favorite events for sisters to
express their immense emotions towards their brothers.
Being a sister, you should try these lovely gifts to delight your dear brother on Raksha Bandhan.
Blossom Buds for Him:
If you want to give something that your brother will appreciate on Raksha Bandhan, then you
should dedicate flowers for him. There are many flowers which are perfect for expressing your
eternal emotions in the brother-sister relationship. You can send rakhi online along with a
beautiful bouquet to your loving brother. It is a novel approach to impress him on this
remarkable day of Raksha Bandhan. Try to choose his favorite blooms like roses, orchids, and
lilies, etc. to bring happiness in his life. It will be a great way to create a lovely gesture for him.
Food Gifts for Him:
If you know the food choices of your brother, then you should make a perfect food gift for him on
Raksha Bandhan. You should try his favorite cookies, chocolates, cupcakes, and many more to
give him some delightful moments of the day. The best idea is to make a hamper adding all the
food items of his choice to show how much you care for him. It can be something fantastic to
win his heart. He would love to eat in his free time at home. Your brother is going to enjoy such
yummy food gifts from your side.
Electronics Organizer for Him:
Finding the right gift for brothers can be an excellent task for sisters. On this Raksha Bandhan,
you can buy electronics organizer to amaze your dear brother. He may like to use some
gadgets or devices. There are lots of electronics accessories like cables, USB, power bank, and
other electric gear which he has to keep safe. An electronic organizer can be the right choice to
show your care for him. It will also protect his precious gadgets from accidental splashes of
water. He would surely appreciate your gift selection to mark the Raksha Bandhan.
A Wallet or Card Holder:
If you want to dedicate something useful for your dear brother, then you should buy his favorite
accessories on Raksha Bandhan. A wallet can be the best item that he likes to carry for outing
or shopping. You can check some trendy purses or classic wallets according to the taste of your
brother. The best approach is to dedicate a designer rakhi along with a branded portfolio for
him. You can even choose printed cardholders to impress him on this most awaited event. It
would be a fantastic gift to make your brother feel special.
Greetings for Best Wishes:
There is nothing more delightful than expressing your emotions through greetings to your loved
ones. You have a chance to display your eternal feelings by making a beautiful rakhi greeting
for your brother. Paste some photo cuttings to design an attractive card to amuse him on
Raksha Bandhan. You can even write poetry that resembles your togetherness in the sibling
relationship. It will surely give him some touchy moments of the day. He will keep it as a token
of love forever with him.
With all of these delightful rakhi gift ideas, you will be able to enchant your loving brother on
Saudi Arabia Bans Magazine Cover Featuring Pope Francis
National Geographic issue not allowed for ‘cultural reasons’
Saudi Arabia has banned the Arabic version of National Geographic magazine, which features an image of Pope Francis.
Although the US-based company has yet to comment on the incident, it is believed that the Islamic country took offence to the image of the Catholic Pontiff.
Alsaad Omar al-Menhaly, the magazine’s editor-in-chief for Saudi Arabia, issued a statement on Twitter in which he said: “Dear readers in Saudi Arabia, we apologize that you did not receive August’s magazine. According to the distribution company, the magazine was refused entry for cultural reasons.”
The magazine’s headline, which suggested that the Pope was leading a “quiet revolution”, may also have upset a regime concerned about possible unrest.
While Saudi Arabia has admitted not a single Syrian refugee in four years, the tiny Vatican City State is taking two refugee families in this week, and Pope Francis has called for Catholics across Europe to welcome Syrians, regardless of their religion.
The Five Oldest and Strongest Buildings in New York City
When you’re looking to a place like New York City you can’t help but be dazzled by so much of the architecture found here. Some of the oldest and strongest buildings in New York City are also some of the most identifiable. Here’s a list of some buildings to check out when you’re visiting or living here; some of the oldest and strongest buildings in New York City await you!
Grand Central Terminal: Many daily commuters wouldn’t really think of this train station as a “building” per se, but this 100+ year old beaux-arts style masterpiece at the center of the island of Manhattan really does a fine showing for itself. This was built during train travels heyday and Grand Central is still the biggest train station in the world by number of platforms and still welcomes travelers from all over the north eastern seaboard and all over the world every day.
St Patrick’s Cathedral: Built between 1851 and 1888 this stone gothic revival cathedral is really some hallowed ground. The largest Neo-Gothic style Catholic Cathedral in North America this building welcomes all comers, 7 days a week. Even if you are not particularly religious or particularly Catholic this building is a sight to behold.
Statue of Liberty: Built in 1884 in neoclassical realistic sculpture style, this iron framed copper clad monument in Liberty Island might not be a “building” in the traditional sense but it is still one of the most impressive pieces of architecture in New York City. Many people have forgotten that the Statue of Liberty was a gift from France and it was commemorated in 1886 in the United States 100th anniversary year of freedom. Another interesting tidbit was that the man who designed the Eiffel Tower (Alexandre Gustave Eiffel) was the one who engineered the internal structure; a structure which still proudly stands today.
Chrysler Building: Built in midtown Manhattan between 1928 and 1930 this Art Deco style building is 77 floors, 1048 feet high, and is 29,961 tons of steel. With a staggering 5000 windows and 3,826,000 bricks used in its construction the Chrysler Building is an awesome sight to behold. Take a look inside the buildings three story entrance from any of the three streets which it’s accessed by and you will really begin to see some of the finer details which went into this amazing building. There are Red Moroccan marble walls, onyx blue marble and steel flanking the sienna floors which just make the whole inside of this building something else. Take a look from on top and you may notice the gargoyles underneath the spire. This building is one of the oldest and strongest buildings in New York City which still welcomes commerce 365 days a year!
Empire State Building: Maybe one of the most glamorous buildings any will ever see, the Empire State Building has got something for even the most stringent architecture critic. Built in the Art Deco style this 102 story office building shoots up 1252 feet from it’s perch on 34th Street in Manhattan. After being completed in 1931 this masterpiece stood as the tallest building in the world for more than 40 years. Named for it’s state of origin, the American Society of Civil Engineers have called this place one of the 7 Wonders of the Modern World. Visitors can step inside it’s elevators to shoot up to the roof until midnight most every day and the lights are always changing color at its peak for different events going on.
These are just some of the amazing buildings you can see in New York City. The beauty and heritage value of such magnificently built buildings make NY a perfect place to dwell in. With the help of a prestigious real estate firm such as Prestige International, one can have multiple residential property options to choose from.